The history of Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) Ltd dates back to 1884 when a small factory on the eastern bank of river Hooghly was established. It was named as Garden Reach Workshop (GRW) in 1916. On April 19, 1960, it was taken over by the Government of India and placed under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence. The name was subsequently changed to Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited on January 1, 1977.
India’s first indigenously built warship, INS Ajay, a seaward defence boat (SDB) for Indian Navy, was built by GRSE in 1961, which was a landmark that paved the way for smaller patrol crafts and new-generation SDBs, high speed patrol vessels, survey vessels, and the marine acoustic research ship. Resulting from very high design and construction capabilities and a vast talent pool of skilled human resources, GRSE has successfully constructed a series of missile corvettes, landing ship tanks, the highly advanced Brahmaputra class frigates, fleet replenishment tankers and fast attack craft for the Indian Navy and offshore and inshore patrol vessels and hovercrafts for the Coast Guard.
GRSE has traversed a long way steadily, expanding in horizon and capacity and of course keeping pace with changing time. It has triumphantly fulfilled the country's increasing maritime demands, especially those of the Navy and Coast Guard. Today, it has emerged as one of the leading shipyards of India and a premier in the Eastern India, building a wide array of vessels, from world-class frigates to fast intercept boats.
GRSE acquired Raja Bagan Dockyard (RBD) on July 1, 2006 from CIWTC Ltd and on September 5, 2006, GRSE got the status of Mini Ratna Category-I. GRSE has embarked upon modernisation of its infrastructural facilities at a cost of over 600 crore.
GRSE has won the Raksha Mantri’s award for design efforts towards optimum hull form and basic structural design for the water jet fast attack crafts, for import substitution in developing a "common helicopter traversing system" for handling both ALH and Seaking Helicopter and innovation in "design and manufacture of double lane bailey bridge for a vehicular load up to IRC Class 70R" in 2006-07. GRSE also won the Raksha Mantri's award for import substitution in "indigenisation of centrifugal pumps of Russian origin for warships and submarines of Indian Navy" in 2007-08.